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发表于 2006-11-7 11:45:42 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
How to gain speed

(notes: When mentioning 'technique' I mean by that the four base techniques - tone, chords, scales and arpeggio.)
I guess the first thing about speed my readers of the 'Tremolo'-article would be curious about is the one sentence "Do not practice speed". The reason for this sentence is roughly the same as with tremolo: It is no technique and can't be practiced like a technique.
What is speed?
Speed is in essence the ability to maintain achieved potential in controlling one's four base techniques in different rates of time.
In other words; when you're playing a piece double the time then the four base techniques should be the quality as they were played half time.

So how do I increase my rate of performance in time but still preserve my achieved potential in my technique? (How do i play fast, but still controlled?)
When correctly practicing technique (the four base) the rate will increase by itself quite rapidly.

wth...?! Really??
Heh, actually, we people are extremely fast as it is. The muscle contraction in humans are so lightning quick that the sentence 'building speed' just becomes absurd: We already have the ability, by physiology, to play at incredible speeds.
The key to speed is this: Less tension and more control
A totally relaxed muscle will have no hinders in reacting extremely quick and putting this potential under control will make for what is called speed.
Guitarists that has practiced a great deal of control/base technique would totally disagree that speed comes by itself. This is mainly because they haven't practised less tension in order to let their control reach its full potential - and therefore speed:
Zero tension x control = full potential of speed2
0紧张 x 控制力= 最快的速度
Many experienced guitarists, myself included, has practiced in a way that forced the fingers to move at higher speeds. This works too, but like mentioned in the tremolo article that makes for a bastard technique that lacks control and can't easily be adjusted or trusted in a concert situation. (Trust me, I know;)
How do i practice relaxation/less tension?
Relaxation isn't as easy as it sounds, so the question is very relevant.
There are different methods to achieve greater relaxation / less tension. I will write my own personal experiences to give some example, but i encourage you to google and search this forum for more about this topic. Maybe I'll do some more research and make an article out of it.
First of all you should have a quiet and nice place to practice in. It's important that you leave your work, problems and personal disagreements outside the door. In time this mindset will become an habit and the time of practice will turn into a safe haven. Also consult literature and forums about relaxation, yoga, physiology and tai chi in general.
When sitting comfortably place your left hand of the fingerboard and without depressing it place the second finger on the C on fifth string.
Just keep it there for a second while just taking in how your hand feels.
Check for tension.
Slowly place the fourth finger on the D on fifth string, still without depressing it. Notice how the muscles react to what youre telling them.
Again, check for tension.
Place your first finger on the E on fourth string and proceed through the C scale. When you're through start over, only this time depress the string so that it barely touches the fret. Proceed through the scale (it surely isnt pretty tones, but thats the sign youre doing it correctly). How does your hand feel? Completely relaxed, or could you be even more loose but still retain control? One can only relax this much before losing control, So it goes hand in hand those two.
Also notice how the left hand reacts to what the right hand is doing and vice versa.
Sitting like this for two minutes before proceeding with practice will effectively tell your brain whats right and whats not. Ofcourse it takes some time, but it pays off well.
- We humans are set up in a way that makes us react with greater effort and strength when encountered with a difficult task. When lifting 20 punds of sugar we double the effort from lifting 10 pounds, thats pretty logical. So we apply this logic when faced with the challenges of the guitar: If it's hard to do, we increase tension and strength. Unfortunately this works to a certain degree and young students will apply this logic all the way through their ambitions till they eventually reach carpal tunnel syndrome. -

It has been my experience that when playing with less and less tension I have reached a certain point where I feel I can't relax anymore, or else I'll lose control over my fingers. That is just a phase where trust in the hands is put to the test.If arpeggio is practiced daily for a while the fingers just refuse to do anything but hitting the string in the right place. One just has to get used to the fingers not using any muscles besides those absolutely necessary for performing the stroke.
 楼主| 发表于 2006-11-7 11:47:52 | 显示全部楼层
-When ready to step the piece up a notch make sure all four parts of base technique are thoroughly practiced and one feels in control. Then relax and take it up to where problems emerge. Then in slightly lesser tempo revisit the four techniques and practice until you feel confident in all of them. Then take it up another notch. Everytime the tempo is changed we have to 'learn' the piece all over, but luckily - as long as the fundamentals are learned - that takes less and less time as the tempo increases.
Sometimes You'll encounter problems that wont solve themselves no matter how patient you are. Then you should include etudes and exercises that will emulate this technical problem and include these into your daily practice.
Mind you, this article isnt meant to shoot novice guitarists into the sky and have them play Un Sueno en la Floresta after a week of practcing, thats just not how it works. But the principle of speed should be added, provided that the four base techniques are well known and practiced.
请注意,这片文章并不意味着一个初学者能很快成为顶尖高手或者让他们在一个星期后能象Un Sueno en la Floresta一样的演奏,这不是本文的主旨。而本文是在关于速度的主题下说明四项基本技巧的重要性和练习方法。
-Relaxation is a skill in which we must invest time. Effort is the opposite of relaxation, so try to increase awareness about when you are pushing towrds, and when you are floating towards relaxation.
-When practicing arpeggio patterns at a new level of less tension you will notice how you fatigue more easily than before. This is because less muscles - and eventually only the muscles required to perform the actions - are used.
Therefore it is very important to respect the fingers and not let them go on overload. Decrease the amount of time and number of exercises and slowly build upwards.
One could say that when playing exercises and etudes faster and faster one is practicing speed. This is partly true and I would like to sum up my article with an answer to that:
One is adepting the skill of lesser tension, practicing control by employing the four base techniques and gaining speed as a result of those two.
Less tension x more control = Speed
减少紧张 x 增加控制力= 速度

I'm not trying to be an expert or an authority on these subjects, I just wanna share the stuff that made my own ability as a guitarist increase alot.I hope you can benefit from these articles.
All critizism and questions are warmly welcomed

Okay, here is my question. I'm well on the way to believing that slow practice leads to better results, and I also know that releasing tension as I am practicing improves my playing. There is however, that tremendous push to bring something up to tempo and I can often play something better at a faster tempo rather than a slower one. When I slow it down, the effort becomes intense and the product is more often than not unpleasing which leads to greater tension and more frustration.

OK here's an interesting situation. You can play the hard stuff but not the easy stuff?? That's quite a paradox.
Part of the "easiness" of faster playing is that we accept more sloppiness since it goes by so fast. So maybe you aren't really playing it better at the faster tempo but just are more aware of what's happening at the slower tempo.
Also we tend to try to maintain the same feel of "effort." When practicing slowly there should be considerably less physical effort. If you are trying to "carefully muscle your way to perfection" at a slow tempo this could be causing a
problem. In slow practice you should be trying to do smooth, coordinated simple movements that can easily be speeded up.


谢谢大家的耐心,这篇和上一篇管与如何弹好颤音的文章出自同一个人。摘自http://www.delcamp.net/forum/en/ ... bac8f0adf25b382d282

我自己也在练习中运用了这里面提到的:减少紧张 x 增加控制力= 速度
发表于 2006-11-7 12:01:09 | 显示全部楼层
发表于 2006-11-7 17:29:45 | 显示全部楼层
发表于 2006-11-7 17:43:26 | 显示全部楼层
原帖由 老马哥 于 2006-11-7 12:01 发表

发表于 2006-11-7 18:35:27 | 显示全部楼层
 楼主| 发表于 2006-11-8 15:29:12 | 显示全部楼层
发表于 2006-11-8 15:46:04 | 显示全部楼层
没有经过正确的训练, 观察大师的演奏不一定能得出正确的结论. 大师们的紧张, 放松, 貌似紧张和貌似放松, 有时候会给初学者带来误会. Hector Quine 在Guitar Technique: Intermediate to Advanced一书(一本书全是理论论述)专门讲述过这个误区, 绝对的放松实际上是躺下来不干了, 大师们有时候是看起来放松实际上紧张, 给观众造成放松的印象. 练习和演奏时要学会放弃不必要的紧张, 而不是整天想着如何去放松.
flli883 说的有一定道理.
发表于 2006-11-8 20:01:11 | 显示全部楼层
发表于 2006-11-9 08:34:24 | 显示全部楼层
好文章,身体放松, 心理放松,弹完的手指放松。这放松不是楼上朋友说的绝对放松呵呵,身体放松但不能瘫倒,心理放松还得注意手指的运动以及聆听,右手弹完弦后的手指放松除了能训练出好的音色外,也是训练手指独立性的一个好办法。
发表于 2006-11-12 09:13:50 | 显示全部楼层
发表于 2006-11-16 23:10:54 | 显示全部楼层

[ 本帖最后由 12356 于 2006-11-16 23:16 编辑 ]
发表于 2006-11-16 23:35:42 | 显示全部楼层
发表于 2006-11-17 20:51:43 | 显示全部楼层
谢谢分享.   好文.  学习.
发表于 2011-4-15 02:29:18 | 显示全部楼层
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发表于 2011-10-27 19:18:18 | 显示全部楼层
谢谢楼主分享 学习了
发表于 2011-10-27 19:38:33 | 显示全部楼层
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